top of page

Exploring the Enigmatic Pangolin on a Wildlife Safari in Kruger National Park

Updated: Dec 7, 2023

South Africa's Kruger National Park is renowned worldwide for its breath-taking landscapes and diverse array of wildlife. It's a destination that truly captures the essence of a wildlife safari. While the Big Five – lions, elephants, leopards, buffalos, and rhinos – often steal the spotlight, one of the park's most enigmatic and lesser-known residents is the pangolin. In this blog, we'll delve into the world of the pangolin within Kruger National Park, highlighting their unique characteristics, conservation status, and the incredible experience of encountering these creatures on a wildlife safari.

The Intriguing Pangolin: A Stealthy Safari Icon

The pangolin is a peculiar-looking creature that often baffles those unfamiliar with its existence. Often referred to as "scaly anteaters," pangolins are solitary and nocturnal animals that are equipped with a set of scales covering their bodies. These scales are made of keratin, the same protein found in human hair and nails, and serve as their primary defense mechanism against predators.

In Kruger National Park, pangolins are predominantly found in the savannah and bushveld regions. These elusive creatures are predominantly ground dwelling and known for their exceptional digging skills. Pangolins use their strong claws to burrow into the earth, creating tunnels and dens that they call home.

Pangolins on the Brink: A Conservation Challenge

While pangolins may be lesser-known safari stars, they face a significant threat in the wild. All eight species of pangolins are listed on the IUCN Red List, with some of them classified as critically endangered. The primary threat to pangolins is illegal wildlife trade, driven by the demand for their scales and meat.

The scales of pangolins are highly sought after in some traditional medicines and are believed to have various healing properties, although there is no scientific evidence to support these claims. The meat of pangolins is also considered a delicacy in some regions. As a result, these creatures are relentlessly poached, making them one of the most trafficked mammals in the world.

Kruger National Park is not immune to this problem. Park authorities, conservationists, and local communities have joined forces to protect pangolins and combat the illegal wildlife trade. The park conducts anti-poaching efforts and supports pangolin rescue and rehabilitation centers to care for confiscated pangolins.

A Pangolin Encounter on Safari: An Unforgettable Experience

If you're lucky, a wildlife safari in Kruger National Park might reward you with a glimpse of a pangolin. These elusive creatures are challenging to spot due to their nocturnal habits and shy nature. Here are some tips to maximize your chances of encountering a pangolin on safari:

  1. Expert Guides: Book a safari with an experienced guide who knows the park's terrain and the habits of its inhabitants. Guides often communicate with one another to share information about recent sightings, increasing your odds of a pangolin encounter.

  2. Night Drives: Consider taking a night safari in Kruger National Park. Pangolins are most active during the night, so your chances of spotting one increase after sunset. Night drives are an incredible opportunity to see these elusive creatures in action.

  3. Patience and Silence: Pangolins are shy and easily frightened. To observe them, remain silent and patient during your safari. Avoid sudden movements or loud noises that might startle them.

  4. Remote Areas: Pangolins often venture into the park's more remote and less frequented areas. Exploring these regions increases your chances of a pangolin encounter.

The Pangolin's Role in Kruger's Ecosystem

Pangolins are integral to Kruger National Park's ecosystem, playing a crucial role in maintaining the balance of their habitat. These insectivorous creatures primarily feed on ants and termites, which helps control insect populations. By regulating these insects, pangolins indirectly support the park's vegetation and prevent habitat degradation caused by excessive insect activity.

Additionally, pangolins are part of the food chain. Their existence provides sustenance for a variety of predators, such as leopards and hyenas. Therefore, conserving pangolins is not only about protecting their species but also about preserving the broader biodiversity of Kruger National Park.

Conservation Efforts to Save Pangolins

Conservation initiatives in Kruger National Park are focused on safeguarding pangolins and their habitat. These efforts include:

  1. Anti-Poaching Patrols: Park rangers conduct regular patrols to detect and deter illegal poaching activities. The goal is to catch poachers in the act and confiscate pangolins before they reach the black market.

  2. Rehabilitation Centres: The park supports and collaborates with wildlife rehabilitation centers where confiscated pangolins are cared for and, if possible, rehabilitated for eventual release into the wild.

  3. Public Awareness: Kruger National Park also works to raise public awareness about the pangolin's plight. Educating the public on the importance of conserving these unique creatures is essential for their long-term survival.

  4. Research and Monitoring: Scientific research is vital for understanding pangolin behavior and ecology. Kruger National Park collaborates with researchers to gather data and develop strategies for pangolin conservation.

The Thrill of a Pangolin Encounter: A Unique Safari Experience

Spotting a pangolin in Kruger National Park is a rare and thrilling experience. These elusive creatures move with a distinct waddling gait, digging for insects, and rolling up into a protective ball when they feel threatened. Witnessing these behaviors in the wild is both heart-warming and awe-inspiring.

As you observe a pangolin, you'll notice their methodical search for ant and termite nests, using their incredibly long and sticky tongue to slurp up their prey. Their scales, which serve as armor against potential threats, create a striking visual spectacle in the African Savannah.

Pangolins are not the only creatures you may encounter on your wildlife safari in Kruger National Park. The park is home to a rich and diverse array of wildlife, from majestic elephants to graceful giraffes and ferocious lions. You'll have the opportunity to observe these animals in their natural habitat and gain a profound appreciation for the importance of conservation in preserving the earth's biodiversity.

Photo By BBC Wildlife Magazine

A Safari for Pangolin Lovers: Make a Difference

If you're passionate about pangolins and wildlife conservation, there are ways you can make a difference. Consider supporting organizations dedicated to pangolin conservation in Kruger National Park and beyond. Your contributions can help fund anti-poaching efforts, pangolin rescue centers, and educational programs that raise awareness about the pangolin's plight.

Visiting Kruger National Park and experiencing a wildlife safari is not only a personal adventure but also an opportunity to become a responsible traveler and a guardian of the Earth's treasures. By spreading awareness, supporting conservation efforts, and taking sustainable actions, you can play a role in safeguarding the pangolin's future and the incredible biodiversity of Kruger National Park.


Kruger National Park is a wildlife enthusiast's paradise, offering the chance to encounter a wide array of remarkable creatures. The pangolin, with its unique appearance and vital role in the ecosystem, is one of the park's hidden gems. While these animals face grave threats due to illegal wildlife trade, conservation efforts within the park are working diligently.


bottom of page